Leaves Pandan Wangi: Oral Wound

The oral cavity is a body part that is susceptible to injury. Wounds in the oral cavity is often the case with various factors such as trauma, surgery, and chemicals. According to research by the Ministry of Health in 2011, the prevalence of oral cavity wounds as a result of surgery such as gingivectomy (cutting the gums) due to periodontal disease in Indonesia reached 60%. Gingivectomy is usually performed on people with enlarged gums and ends with the provision of periodontal dressings to cover the wound, but some people are allergic to the active substance in a periodontal dressing.
The fact that makes Afifah Rufaida, Chynintia Goddess Aqmarina, Icha Nofikasari, Failasofia, and Annisa Rahmi Fauziah moved to examine the fragrant pandan leaves as a wound healing drug gums. The fourth student and one student FKG UGM Pharmacy channeling the idea in Student Creativity Week exact sciences research field (PKM-P) in 2015 with supervisor Dr. drg. June Handajani, Kes., Ph.D. Fragrant pandan is one of the plants that were encountered in Indonesia and used as a flavor concentrates on the food. Not many people know that the fragrant pandan leaves contain active substances that are able to accelerate wound healing.
The study begins by creating a fragrant pandan leaf extract gel with a concentration of 50% then the gel is applied on Wistar rats that had previously been injured gums using a 2.5 mm diameter punch biopsy. Application of fragrant pandan leaf extract gel concentration of 50% in rats conducted for 2 weeks at the time the application in the morning and afternoon. After that, the gum tissue sampling conducted on days 1, 3, 7, and 14, then conducted by making histological preparations with HE staining and mallory to observe the number of inflammatory cells and collagen fibers density. The success of this study observed a decrease in the number of inflammatory cells that will shorten the inflammatory phase so as to accelerate the wound healing process and increase the density of collagen fibers that will make the tissue regeneration is getting stronger.
From the tests conducted, showed that the gel fragrant pandan leaf extract concentration of 50% were able to decrease the number of inflammatory cells and increases the density of collagen fibers as compared with the control group. This is shown by the graph the average number of inflammatory cells were decreased from the first day with an average of 8.33 to 4.66 on the third day, while the average density of collagen is increasing from day to day as evidenced on the third day with increased an average of 1.5 to 1.83 on the seventh day.
Failasofia, one of the researchers in this study explains that, in vivo fragrant pandan leaf gel concentration of 50% can accelerate the process of wound healing gums but needs further research so that the gel can be mass produced and used for the wider community.

History of Printing

Printing has its own historical record. History records date information from cave wall pictures over 30,000 years old. At 2500 B.C., Egyptians carved hieroglyphics on stone. However, the printing we know today was not discovered until more than 500 years ago.

The Chinese made many discoveries. They found paper in the first century and moveable type made of clay around the 11th century. The Koreans first made a moveable type of bronze in the mid-13th century. However, there is no connection between the early Asian discovery and the invention of printing in Europe in the fifteenth century.

In Europe, before printing was invented, all recorded information was written by hand. The books are carefully copied by scribes who often spend years to complete a book. This method is so slow and expensive and few people have the opportunity or ability to read completed works.

Johann Gutenberg’s invention of the 1440s, the moveable type and the printing press played a significant role in bringing Europe out of the “dark age.” Printing makes books and other reading materials available to the general public. People learn to read. As they begin to be educated, they begin to exchange thoughts and information leading to new discoveries. Europe entered a period of development and exploration known as the Renaissance.

There was little development in the field of printing between 1440 and the start of the Industrial Revolution around the 1800s. In the 1800s, the field of printing and mechanical methods advanced rapidly. Industrilisasi makes possible the invention of steam-powered printing presses, rotary engines, paper making machines, and automatic typeet engines. Machines reduce the cost of producing printed materials and make them more affordable. At this time, photography, photoengraving, and coal-tar dyces to create colored inks were also found.
The development of modern printing

In the late 1900s, technological advances and electronics continued to transform the printing industry. Letterpress becomes less important. It is used only for some large newspapers and some labels and printing packing materials, business forms, and printing jobs.

Flexography eventually replaced letterpress in a newspaper printing press. This method will continue to grow in commercial packages and book publishing. Reprography becomes more available and the widespread use of word processors and electronic image scanners reduces printing production costs.

Lately developing gravure methods, using electromechanical and laser sculptors from plastic-coated cylinders. Electronbeam etching and photosensitive plates also lower the cost of making cylinders. The new electronic system makes it possible to create a printing cylinder directly from an original copy with no film or manual operation. The future development of water-based ink will further cut costs and eliminate pollution problems. This will guarantee gravure to have even more parts in the printing market.

The development of technological progress will continue to accelerate and get the business like digital printing grogol. Now that the world is in the midst of information explosions, the printing industry will go ahead and continue to record and distribute information into the new century.

Cool and Cheap Calendar Print Tips

Who does not want to print a calendar with a low cost but still quality? This can not be separated from the tendency of consumer behavior to get the price of print minimum possible with maximum results. A calendar in the production process will surely pass several stages. Thus, the cost of production required in the print calendar was not small.

The amount of paper used to print the calendar may affect the price of the calendar like cetak agenda fiture. This means more and more printing plates are required to create a calendar. If calculated further, print a calendar with a lot of paper will make the print price more expensive calendar. At least, there are five processes when printing a calendar. First the paper needs, both the cost of printing plate, following the calendar printing costs, cut costs, and finishing costs.

So, what about you who want to print a calendar but only have a limited budget? Relax, poster calendar can be the solution!

The presence of poster calendar can be used as an alternative for you who want to print the calendar but still save. Calendar poster or one page calendar including a type of wall calendar that consists of only one page. In the poster calendar is directly listed all the months of the year. In general, print such a calendar will reach its popularity level during the election period. Here are the advantages obtained when printing a calendar poster.

Print calendar is not much use plate
Each sheet of calendar to be printed will require one plate to print it. We assume only if in a monthly calendar consists of 12 pieces which means need 12 print plates.

Compare with the calendar poster which consists of only one sheet of calendar only. Of course the printing plate required only one fruit only. Of course this makes the process of printing the calendar becomes more practical and fast with calendar prices that remain minimalist.

Competitive calendar prices
It can be said that compared to other types of calendars, the price of the poster calendar can be said to compete. In terms of paper needs, fewer poster calendars. The required ink is not as much as the others. In addition, the cost of cutting the calendar can also be trimmed so that it does not need a lot of resources in the process.

Calendar prints are not less interesting
If you need 12 designs in a monthly calendar, then for a poster calendar you only need one design only. Company images and logos can be designed in such a way that they can be assembled in a calendar sheet. The poster calendar model also provides many advantages, one of which is its concise packaging with only one sheet can get a calendar for one year.

Calendar poster
Compared to the daily torn calendar needed to replace the calendar, the poster calendar is more efficient because it does not have to bother to change the date every day. It should be torn every day, it means that there will be a lot of paper wasted if wearing a torn calendar.

The calendar price can be adjusted
You can get a price calendar at the best price if you print in bulk at once. Printing a large number of calendars provides many advantages. Hope, with a large number of calendars printed and will be distributed more and more calendars to potential clients.

Wall Table Calendar
Creating an election calendar can also be the right way, since at least election candidates can advertise the party and themselves since long before the election begins. And when the campaign begins, you’re well known because it’s often seen on a poster calendar, desk calendar or wall calendar.

Tips on Making a Simple Living Room

Simple minimalist home living room design – Having a beautiful and comfortable home will give you satisfaction. In addition, you will feel good when you are in your home. In order for your home feels comfortable, then you should know tips on how to take care of it. The first tip is to design a comfortable living room. Simple living room design is one of the design that fits for the house with a minimalist style. If you are looking for a design for your living room then you can read the reviews below.

Tips for Choosing a Living Room Design Simple Home Minimalist
In order for your living room is perfect, then you should pay attention to the design and other elements. Living room is one of the important space in a house. If your living room is comfortable, then guests who come to visit your home will also feel comfortable. Here are some tips you should do to make your living room look attractive and comfortable.

Simple minimalist home living room design

The first tip is to choose the design of the living room. If you are right in choosing a living room then your living room will be more interesting. In choosing a design you should pay attention to several things, such as the size of your living room. The design of a room is usually reserved for example a special design of the room width and design for a small room. Therefore, before you determine the design of your living room, then you should see the size of your living room.

Simple minimalist home living room design

The second tip to make your living room look interesting is to choose the right lighting. In choosing a lamp you should also be careful. To design a simple minimalist home living room then you have to choose the right lighting and lighting. Design the lights do not need to be too crowded because it will make your living room minimalist look smaller. Then the next tips in choosing a minimalist living room design is to choose the color of paint for your living room. In order to look more elegant, then the color you choose should be soft or soft colors because the soft color will make you feel more comfortable.

Position Furniture For Guest Room Design Simple Home Minimalist

In order for your living room looks more attractive, then you must know the right position for furniture in your living room. Here are some positions that fit your living room is small and minimalist. For the first position is the location of furniture and furniture in the corner of the room. This position will make your living room look wider and wider. The color you must choose also you should adjust to the design you choose. The second position is a standing lamp and a table positioned in a corner. The location of the two furniture is also in accordance with the small living room and narrow. Then, the third position is where the furniture is in the middle. You can choose the most fitting position for your living room.

Visual Merchandising – Top Guidelines. What’s Visual Merchandising

Visual Merchandising – Top Guidelines. What’s Visual Merchandising The word Visual Selling may be the art work of exhibiting products in an ornamental visually attractive and visually satisfying method using the purpose of creating a purchase. In a nutshell, you show garments, components or home decoration items in a successfully welcoming way-which encourages the client to purchase great or that item.

How can it gain the consumer:

The most recent fashion styles are highlighted by it. It creates it more easy for that consumer to locate products according to category.It also assists the consumer to co ordinate components and numerous products pabrik souvenir power bank. It will help the consumer imagine the way the specific home decoration item could be shown in his home or the way the item will appear on him It trains the clients concerning services and the products provided wonderfully and efficiently.

Visual Merchandising - Top Guidelines. What's Visual Merchandising

Just how to carry Visual Merchandising out

Innovative and intelligent utilization of flooring mannequins and finishes is crucial. The item should be focus’ point. Items could be displayed using indicators etc, mannequins, screen displays, fixed PLACE displays.

Electronic, Solvent, Green- Cards and solvent publishing, blow-ups, Advertising Stands, Shine indicators, Canopies, Scrollers, Dispensers Indicators may also be employed for visual marketing.

Visual Merchandising – simple to follow Guidelines

Get after thinking about present developments, what items to become displayed etc. Various items like clothing, publications, lights, furniture,products etc resonating exactly the same concept a theme, are shown together in an area environment.
Think about a shade-mixture ideally suitable for your concept.
eg. A contemporary theme show might need grey dark or light shades within the show concept. A show of infants components may use gentle shades-of orange and red shades. A Holiday show might have shades of inexperienced and red. For exhibiting jewelery a regal concept might have abundant shades of maroon, platinum, bronze and could be properly used
Place product together based on groups like cost, dimension, intercourse(mens’ clothing or womens’ apparel), kind(home devices or home decoration) etc.
Use suitable and fashionable illumination to produce feeling and boost the show.
It may be expanded beyond apparel and home decor to products to efficiently display illumination, infant products, cosmetics, home fixtures, technology, wall decoration, food products and so on. It’s used galleries, at stores, displays, style exhibits, shops etc. an effective mixture of internal design style design, structure, illumination, wall decoration, furniture may be used for visual marketing that is efficient.

The merchandising program also allows pupils to obtain excellence within the required enterprise

Selling Programs. A training course gained in retailing might allow the prospect maintain and to advertise numerous types of industrial activities. Selling is not actually unrelated to marketing and the revenue of the item to retail clients. A merchandising diploma have an interest to generate their occupation in advertising or clothes these applicants who’re possibly currently into marketing company. These programs boost the prospectis already-established profession or even to ensemble pupils to build up abilities that are required for that entry level careers in merchandising business.

The merchandising program also allows pupils to obtain excellence within the required enterprise

The merchandising program also allows pupils to obtain excellence within the required enterprise abilities to get a vibrant career in retailing. Retailing also includes management, knowing the therapy of contemporary enterprise engineering or customer behaviour, customers and management. You can be assured encouraging professions within this area by finishing a training course in retailing.

Selling is just a wide class that addresses numerous sub-groups including promotional merchandising, trading business, retail supply chain, and certification, etc. The promotional merchandising, or visible display merchandising, primarily centers around the goal of increasing revenue utilizing product style, choice, presentation, pricing, along with a show that may persuade a person to invest enough within the item. The 2nd action following the product’s marketing may be by selling shelves and shows the supply chain that focuses on producing the merchandise readily available for the customer, mainly. Among the authorized and essential duties which make part of merchandising procedure may be the product’s certification.

If somebody has been doing a in certification jual souvenir power bank murah di jakarta, he’ll be linked to the exercise of licensing images, the copyrighted brands, or personality pictures towards the producers of this item. In sustaining the manufacturer image and therefore, earning the confidence of optimum customers certification assists. as an extremely common supply of income, retailing is recognized in home company. Selling, that’s attached to the kid- TV and focused movies shows, frequently includes gadgets created similitude towards the figures or things that they use of the display.

Expertise Aromatherapy: How this will help In enhancing Your health standards?

Expertise Aromatherapy: How this will help In enhancing Your health standards? Aromatherapy has been in use for centuries for the healing determinations. In this, the healing is provided with the help of the delight odor. There are various plants which contain natural stench in the grove or leaves or in the oil which is distilled out from them. This stench has a positive impact on the head and figure of an individual. The quintessence of the lubricants helps in stimulating the functioning of the intelligence, thus combating various illness. Owing to the regenerating qualities of these plants, they find prodigious practice in the medical manufacture .

Let me examine first some of the plants which are widely used for this purpose .

Pimpinella Anisum

This is basically a herb which is very useful in improving the health standards of an individual. Some of the constituents of this product are fatty battery-acids, starch, crucial lubricants, fiber, moisture, protein, etc. These constituents are very helpful in improving the absorption. Moreover, in the brand-new babies, it helps in the lactation process .
Expertise Aromatherapy: How this will help In enhancing Your health standards?
Bergamot Orange

This is basically a return. Apart from the food and refreshment manufacture, it is widely used in the manufacturing of fragrances and odors. The oil or juice obtained out from this is widely used for medicinal determinations. The smell of this return offers a delight impact on the head and has the ability to counter stress and suspicion. Moreover, it is also used to heal the vaginal infection .

Thymus Vulgaris

This is a highly aromatic seed. It is very effective against reactions. It is widely used in combating respiratory infections, cough, coldnes, etc .


This is basically a herb. It is widely used for the medicinal determinations. It is very effective in providing aid from respiratory infection. The smell of this plant helps in improving the functionality of the lungs. Moreover, it also helps in curing the problem of indigestion, constipation, stomach aches, intestinal parasites, etc .


This is another plant which witnesses prodigious practice in the pharma manufacture. The natural healing cleverness of this plant help in curing the respiratory infection, digestive difficulties, stress, asthma, etc .

The aromatherapy is provided with the help of the essential lubricants. These lubricants are distilled out from the plants. These lubricants contain specials smell which helps in improving the health standards of an individual .

The aromatherapy is widely provided with the help of the rub oil. In this, the essential points lubricants are widely used. The rub is very effective in the event of its stress or suspicion. This is something that helps in providing aid from their own problems like figure anguish, the stiffness of the muscle, etc .

Sprinkler systems part2

Distributor Johnson Control Indonesia – The working principle of the theory of fire sprinkler utilizes compartment (SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, 3rd Edition, 2002). Fire on the floor will make the room air entrainment of smoke and float to the top, called plume. When the plume strikes the ceiling, then a hot air flow radially at or near the ceiling. The hot air flow is called the ceiling jet and occurs at a maximum thickness of 30 cm from the ceiling.

Gambar terkait

When the jet ceiling sprinkler heads then there is the convective heat transfer from the ceiling jet to heat the sensor element sprinkler (fusible link or glass bulb) which causes the temperature to rise from the previous same as the temperature of the room. This heat sensor element has a nominal working temperature varying from 57 ° C s / d 343 ° C, can be selected for each depending on the design of a fire hazard occupancy.

Sprinkler heads will operate when the temperature of the heat sensor element has climbed to a nominal working temperature. For residential apartments, commonly used nominal temperature of 57 ° C or 68 ° C. The operating principle is exactly the same sprinkler operating principle of a thermal detector such as that used in the detection and alarm system. Therefore, when the building was protected by a sprinkler then no longer need to be equipped with a heat detector and only need to be equipped with smoke detectors.

If the fire continues, then in the room / compartment will form two layers, namely, (a) the smoke layer above, and (b) non-relative layer underneath. The temperature and the thickness of the smoke will rise and continue to grow as long as there is a fire. While the temperature of the smoke-free layer beneath it is relatively the same as the temperature of the room.

At the time of sprinkler operation, the temperature of the room (not the temperature of the flame) is relatively unchanged or increase is not great, unless there is a failure of the sprinkler system so the fire is not extinguished and the smoke layer will continue to fall to the floor. It can be predicted by the simulation program fires in compartments (CFast and ASSET Program).

Although the percentage is very small sprinkler failure than success, sprinkler can fail mainly due to the following reasons, first, the design error, Haras sprinkler systems designed in accordance with the level of risk of fire building. For example, a building with residential apartments above and paserba on the podium, has a different hazard, so the design was different densities.

Second, installation errors, execution in the field kuang, for example, the position of the sprinkler head on the ceiling and obstacles (column and beam structure) does not meet the installation requirements thus greatly reducing the performance of the sprinkler. Third, the absence of a program of inspection, testing and periodic maintenance of appropriate standards (NFPA 25), resulting in the system does not operate when required if there is a fire.

And fourth, the characteristics of the building as an open architecture so that the floor is open to the outside air, and compartments that do not have a fire resistance (from combustible material wood and others). These characteristics affect the performance of the sprinkler system.

Sprinklers is a system used to extinguish a fire at a building. Sprinkler will automatically turn on when a fire occurs.

Things that should be considered in the planning system of fire sprinkler:

• The system type and function of a fire hazard
• Calculation of hydraulic every type of dwelling (fire hazard light Q = 225 l / min, p = 2.2 kg / cm2; the fire hazard was Q = 375 – 1100 l / min, p = 1.0 – 1.7 kg / cm2; severe fire hazard Q = 2300-4550 l / min, p = 1.8 – 7.3 kg / cm2).
• The density of the emission and the maximum work estimated
• The water supply system
• Placement and location of sprinkler heads
• type sprinkler head (57 0C-orange, 68 0C-red, 79 0C-yellow, 93 0C-green, 141 0C-blue, 182 0C violet, 203/260 0C-black).

While the maximum number of sprinkler heads which can be mounted on a control valve for a fire hazard light system (considering our topic is the analysis of the hotel) was 500 pieces of the sprinkler head. Supplies alarms for the sprinkler system should consist of a control valve alarm (the alarm control valve) or a flow detection device (flow switch) are justified with the necessary equipment to provide a warning signal.

sprinkler system consists of three classifications in accordance with the classification of residential fire hazard, namely:
1. The system is light a fire hazard
Density planned emission 2:25 mm / min, with an estimated maximum work area: 84 m2, while the lighter types of residential fires, among others such as office buildings, housing, education, hospitality, hospitals and others.

2. Systems fire hazard being
Density jets planned 5 mm / min, with an estimated maximum work area: 72-360 m2, while including the types of residential fires are: light industry such as: dairies, electronics, canning, textile, cigarettes , keremik, metal processing, auto repair shops and others.

3. System of severe fire danger
for the industrial process emission density of the planned 7.5 – 12.5 mm / min, with an estimated maximum work area is 260 m2, while the danger in high-density warehouses planned accumulation of 7.5 – 30 mm / min. Work area maximum estimated 260-300 m2 with a density of jets planned for hazards on building hoarding high depending on the nature of the danger of the goods stored, as for the kind of residential fires are the heavy industries such as: chemical plants, lighters, explosives, rubber foam, oil refineries, and others.

Benefits and Efficacy Soursop Leaf For Health

Soursop plant is a plant that grows in Indonesia. Soursop plant is one plant species that all parts can be utilized by humans are no exception leaves. Soursop leaves is one of the soursop plants that can benefit humans, especially in the health field. What are the benefits and efficacy of soursop leaves to human health? Here I will give the full review.

Benefits and efficacy of soursop leaves the first is as a pain medication. Back pain is generally suffered by the workers by weight. Even so, it does not mean people who work at the office never experienced it. Well, now you do not need to be confused about medications that can cure this disease because soursop leaves have been able to cope.

Ingredients you need to make this herb is 20 soursop leaves and 5 glass of water. At first, soursop leaf wash them clean to avoid dust and dirt. Then the leaves are boiled until the water boils and remain approximately 3 cups only. Drink this mixture as much as ¾ cup each day until the pain disappears waist.

Benefits and Efficacy Soursop Leaf

Benefits and efficacy of soursop leaves the next one is to treat ulcers. A boil is a skin disease that is enough to make you uncomfortable because of the pain it causes. However, you do not have to worry about the existence of these ulcers in the long term because now you can quickly heal by utilizing soursop leaves. The trick is actually very This simple, namely by taking some leaves of the soursop young, then grind until smooth. Put the young leaves of the soursop collision mentioned above boils and ulcers you will soon dry up.

Not only there, soursop leaves also have an important role in the prevention of cancer, ambaien healing, relieve rheumatic disease, lowers body temperature when fever, and treating liver disease. Besides being able to cure such diseases with a fast time, soursop leaf also has no adverse side effects to the body. Therefore, soursop leaf herb is highly recommended for those who suffer from the above. Hopefully with some benefits and efficacy of soursop leaves above can be beneficial to our health.

7 Benefits of Broccoli for Health Body

icp capsule
This article discusses the benefits of Broccoli for Health – Broccoli is a vegetable that is included in this type of cabbage. Broccoli is a plant that originated from the middle east and has long been cultivated by the community. The benefits of broccoli are very much because it contains vitamin C which is quite high.

The content of vitamin C found in broccoli makes this vegetable has enormous benefits for health. One of the benefits of broccoli for health is to prevent cancer. In addition to containing vitamin C, vegetable broccoli also contains pro-vitamin A or carotenoids and folic acid and vitamin E.
7 Benefits of Broccoli for Health
1. Prevent Cancer

Broccoli contains glucoraphanin, which will be processed into a body of anti-cancer compound, sulforaphane. This compound serves repel bacteria in the body, Helicobacter pylori. A bacterium which is known to increase the risk of gastric cancer. In addition, broccoli also contains indole-3-carbinol, namely antioxidant compounds and anti-carcinogen which can inhibit the growth of prostate cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer (cervical cancer), and can improve liver function.

2. Maintaining a healthy heart

The benefits of broccoli to maintain heart health. Carotenoids lutein found in broccoli is useful to slow down or prevent thickening of the arteries in the body, so as to combat heart disease and stroke. Vitamin B6 and folic acid in broccoli can reduce atherosclerosis, inflammation in human blood vessels.

3. Maintaining eye health

Broccoli also can maintain eye health. Broccoli is the main source of vitamin A which is needed to form the retina. In addition, the carotenoids lutein (organic pigment) contained in broccoli can prevent age-related macular degeneration and cataracts, as well as having anti-cancer effects.

4. Keeping the immune system

In a cup of broccoli contains beta-carotene, which is beneficial for maintaining the immune system. The content of minerals such as zinc and selenium are the main actors that keep the body’s immune defenses.

5. Maintain the nervous system

Broccoli tinggidalam content of potassium helps maintain a healthy nervous system and optimal brain function, and promote muscle development.

6. Maintain healthy bones

Other benefits of broccoli is to maintain bone health. Broccoli contains calcium and vitamin K were high. Both are very important for bone health and prevent osteoporosis.

7. Against free radicals

Broccoli contains vitamin C, antioxidants needed to fight free radicals. In addition, vitamin C is an effective antihistamine to relieve flu attack.

That’s 7 benefits of broccoli for health. Hopefully this article useful and add to our knowledge.