Maybe you penah suffering from low hemoglobin, but do you know the causes of low hemoglobin are you experiencing? The following article will discuss a variety of things that can cause a person has low hemoglobin. Suffering from low hemoglobin or often referred to as the anemia is a condition in which the red blood cell deficiency Hb (Hemoglobin). Hemoglobin is an important substance in the red blood cells whose job is to carry oxygen from the lungs and deliver it to the whole body. If the hemoglobin level in the blood is less than normal, then transport oxygen to body tissues suluruh is inhibited, causing various problems.
Normal hemoglobin levels in the blood have different standards based on gender and age group. The adult male normal Hb values ie from 13.5 to 18.0 g / dl, mature women 12-16 g / dl, pregnant women 10-15 g / dl, children 11-16 g / dl, infants under three years (toddlers) 9-15 g / dl, infants (0-1 years) 10-17 g / dl, neonatal (newborn) 14-27 g / dl. People who have low hemoglobin is characterized, among others, the body easily tired, lackluster, easy headache, pale face, the hair easy to fall off, fingertips pale, the inside of the eyelid (konjutiva) pale, irregular heartbeat, immunity the body decreases, and shortness of breath may occur.
Various Things Still Causes Low Hb
Someone sometimes do not realize that he had a low hemoglobin. Maybe he just felt his body is often weak, tired, and lethargic and after blood tests turned out to be a low hemoglobin level. Therefore you have to pay attention to a variety of conditions that cause low hemoglobin as described below:
- Lack of iron
The main causes of low hemoglobin is inadequate intake of iron in the body. Iron is a key element forming red blood cells. Therefore if a little iron in the body then the hemoglobin level was too low. It is important to provide foods that contain lots of iron in your daily diet to avoid anemia.
Foods that contain lots of iron among others, red meat, chicken, seafood, liver, green vegetables, eggs and milk. If iron deficiency, you can also take iron supplements are sold in pharmacies.
- Impaired absorption of iron
There are some cases that even if someone has been taking supplements or foods that contain iron, but his hemoglobin level is still low. In cases like this it is likely that the causes of low hemoglobin that is because of interference with iron absorption. Impaired absorption of iron by the body can occur due to certain substances that actually binding the iron so that the body has trouble absorbing iron to it.
Substances that can inhibit the absorption of iron, among others, polyphenols, fitrat acid and oxalic acid. Polyphenol substance found in red onions, chili, pepper, tea, and coffee. Fitrat acid contained in whole grains and a variety of beans, while the oxalic acid contained in carrots, sweet potatoes, coffee, chocolate, and black teas.
So it is advisable if you take supplements or foods that contain iron do not coincide with the above mentioned food. If you want to eat, give a minimum of one hour lag time.
- Decreased production of erythrocytes
Decreased production of red cells is one of the causes of low hemoglobin are usually due to a problem / sunsum abnormalities in the spine. Sunsum spine is where the production of red blood cells / erythrocytes, so that if the production of hemoglobin disorders will also be decreased.
The disorder usually occurs because of a genetic disorder in which the spinal sunsum hard to produce red cells (aplastic anemia) or because the process of destruction of red blood cells too quickly without offset spine sunsum ability to produce red blood cell substitute (hemolytic anemia).
Low hemoglobin can also be caused due to bleeding. The reduced volume of blood in the human body run private will automatically lower hemoglobin substance. Bleeding can occur for many reasons, among others, by accident, a woman giving birth, women who are menstruating, surgery, nosebleeds, coughing up blood, vomiting blood, bloody bowel and bladder, or rupture of blood vessels in tissues.
- abnormalities antibody
Abnormalities antibody can also be a cause of low hemoglobin. In normal circumstances, the antibodies should protect red blood cells. But because of the presence of autoimmune disorders, then these antibodies actually destroy red blood cells in the body, so that the person becomes a low hemoglobin level.
- Lack of certain nutrients
A person suffering from low hemoglobin can also be caused due to deficiency of certain nutrients. Besides iron has been described above, there are some important nutrients as forming red blood cells. These nutrients are vitamin B12, folic acid, and vitamin C. If someone shortage of one nutrient, it can lead to anemia.
Vitamin B12 is found in many different types of fish, shellfish, cheese, eggs, and meat-dangingan. Folic acid is abundant in spinach, cabbage, broccoli, asparagus, celery, lettuce, corn, bananas, tomatoes, avocado and papaya. While vitamin C is contained in guava, oranges, strawberries, kiwi fruit, tomatoes, pineapple, and grapes.
- Suffering from a disease
Causes of low hemoglobin next one is suffering from an illness. There are various diseases that can interfere with the formation of red blood cells either directly or indirectly. These diseases include, namely leukemia (blood cancer), kidney failure, thalassemia, peptic ulcers, polyps in the gastrointestinal tract, and various types of infectious diseases / infections such as HIV / Aids, Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), hepatitis, and hookworm.
- The influence of certain drugs
Certain drugs can also cause turned out to low hemoglobin. The drug, among others, an ulcer drug (antacids), ibuprofen, aspirin, and various cancer drugs (chemotherapy). These drugs usually can cause side effects such as interference with iron absorption so that the hemoglobin level drops. In addition to drugs, alcohol substance can also cause low hemoglobin due to poison sunsum spine is where uutuk produce red blood cells.
- Deformities of red blood cells
Deformities of red blood cells is also one of the causes of low hemoglobin. The disorder is often the case that the shape of red blood like a crescent (sickle cell anemia). It causes red blood cells die prematurely, causing a reduction of red blood cells in chronic.
To cope with low hemoglobin, things you can do, among others, by increasing the intake of iron, vitamin B12, folic acid, and vitamin C. In addition, do a healthy lifestyle such as regular exercise, avoid alcohol, adequate rest, avoid activities that are too heavy, drink plenty of water, and avoid stress. If you experience low hemoglobin or symptoms of anemia that lasts longer, then you should consult a doctor to determine the cause and get the best treatment solutions.